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How Does Music Stimulate Left and Right Brain Function? Why is this Important? ?

iStock 000009943115XSmall How Does Music Stimulate Left and Right Brain Function? Why is this Important? ?

Music research indicates that music education not only has the benefits of self-expression and enjoyment, but is linked to improved cognitive function (Schellenberg), increased language development from an early age (Legg), and positive social interaction (Netherwood). Music listening and performance impacts the brain as a whole, stimulating both halves – the analytical brain and the subjective-artistic brain, affecting a child’s overall cognitive development and possibly increasing a child’s overall intellectual capacity more than any other activity affecting the brain’s bilaterism (Yoon).

How does music stimulate the right and left hemispheres?
We often hear about an analytical person, like an accountant, being left-brained while a more “free spirit”, like an artist or poet, is considered “right-brained”. Yet music research indicates that the average professional musician or composer, despite incorrect personality stereotypes, encompasses both the analytical traits of the left brain and the more creative aspects of the right brain.

The right hemisphere engages in synthesizing several different parts to create a cohesive whole when processing new information (Williams). Almost nonlinear in processing information, the right brain is adept at visual imagery. The left hemisphere, sequential and linear in its data processing, moves step by step when processing new information (Williams). Just like any part of the body, any activity that stimulates the brain helps increase its overall functionality. While most activities like visual art, computing, and language largely work in only one hemisphere, music is one of the few activities that stimulates both sides of the brain.

The right brain, often considered the more subjective and creative hemisphere, focuses on the melody in music. The left hemisphere, considered the analytical part of the brain, is responsible for the understanding of musical structure and motor skills, such as playing the violin (Yoon). Rhythmic structures uniquely affect the brain extensively, such as supplementary motor areas and the basal ganglia, especially when compared to musical styles lacking a steady beat pattern (Phillips-Silver). Nonmusical activities, such as walking or martial arts, also aid the brain bilaterally when combined with a steady rhythm (Manjul).

Music Listening vs. Music Performance/Activity
Music research indicates that both music listening and music performance have significant benefits. Several years ago popular culture was abuzz with the Mozart Effect, the incorrect notion that simply listening to Mozart for several minutes a day increased a child’s IQ on a permanent basis. While subsequent music research indicates Mozart Effect does not exist, there have been several studies that indicate the listening to music does have significant physiological benefits.

  • The act of listening to music has several noted benefits (Yoon):
  • Stress relief and emotional release
  • Increased creativity and abstract thinking
  • Positive influences on the bodies overall energy levels and heart rhythm

Music research on music education suggests that musical activities like dancing, playing an instrument, and singing demonstrate long term benefits in memory, language development, concentration, and physical agility. (Netherwood, Schellenberg). Added memory and language skills help the average musician gain a better understanding of human language than those who do not engage in musical activities. (Moreno) Long term cognitive and language skills increased for student musicians who maintained long term commitments to music by studying an instrument or engaging in vocal performance.

Key Points
Music research shows that music education benefits students notably by its positive effects on the brain’s functions.

Some key points to remember:

  • Music research indicates the music education benefits students by increasing self-expression, cognitive abilities, language development, and agility.
  • Music is unique in its ability to affect more than a single brain hemisphere, incorporating both the right and left sides of the brain.
  • While music listening has marked benefits regarding physiological effects of stress, playing an instrument or taking vocal lessons offers a marked increase in the benefits of music education, especially in regards to memory, language, and cognitive development.

 

Share your Feedback:
Please feel free to share your thoughts on the benefits of music education in the comments section below. Networking  is a great way to be informed of the research so that we can educate students and schools about the  great benefits of learning music.We’d love to hear from you!!

SOURCES:
Legg, R. (2009). Using music to accelerate language learning: an experimental study. Research in Education, (82), 1-12. Retrieved from the Professional Development Collection database.

Schellenberg, E. (2005). Music and Cognitive Abilities. Current Directions in Psychological Science (Wiley-Blackwell). 317-320.

Vitale, J.L. (2011). Music Makes You Smarter: A New Paradigm for Music Education?
Perceptions and Perspectives from Four Groups of Elementary Education Stakeholders. Canadian Journal of Education, 34(3), 317-343.

Netherwood, C. (2007). Music to your ears. Autralian Parents, 64.

Yoon, J. (2000, January 1). Music in the Classroom: Its Influence on Children’s Brain Development, Academic Performance, and Practical Life Skills.

Phillips-Silver, Jessica. (2009, June). On the Meaning of Movement in Music, Development, and the Brain. Contemporary Music Review. Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 293-314.

Williams, Linda. Teaching for the two-sided mind: a guide to right brain/left brain education. Simon & Schuster. 1986.

Bajaj, Manjul. Personal Growth – Cross train your brain. Lifepositive.com. http://www.lifepositive.com/Mind/Personal_Growth/Cross_train_your_brain12003.asp.

Moreno. S. (2009). Can Music Influence Language and Cognition?. Contemporary Music Review, 28 (3), 329.

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27 Responses to “How Does Music Stimulate Left and Right Brain Function? Why is this Important? ?”

  1. Music and Teaching | Modular Designs' World | a blog about more than carpet Says:

    [...] Music and Teaching “How Does Music Stimulate Left and Right Brain Function and Why is this Important in Music Teaching? Music research indicates that music education not only has the benefits of self-expression and enjoyment, but is linked to improved cognitive function (Schellenberg), increased language development from an early age (Legg), and positive social interaction (Netherwood)…” Janice/funmusico.com [...]

  2. Amanda Hemley Says:

    Hi Janice,

    This is a fantastic article. I’m an instrumental teacher in rural Victoria rebuilding a music program at the local high school. I also do occasional presentations for local first-time mothers groups. Would you mind if I used your article in my work? It will be fully creditted, of course.

    Thanks

    Amanda

  3. janice Says:

    Hi Amanda,

    I would be delighted if you could use this article in your work. It was written to be used exactly for that purpose- I really appreciate you getting in touch and crediting it as well.

    Kind Regards,
    Janice

  4. Stepanov Sergey Says:

    R E F L E C T I O N

    Synapse transmission between neurons in different systems of dimension .
    Music Teaching Technology for Beginners.

    Ukraine .
    Mr.  S.M.Stepanov
    http://reflectionmusic.ucoz.com/

    We would like to offer  the sci.articles
    “Digital Music Grammar “ and “Algorithm of  Microcycles “
    for  your review.

    A b s t r a c t

    Throughout many centuries, the musical structure has had numerous modifications. We can observe the constant use of digits for convenience of notation of the music sounds, for example : digital organ bass, lute tablatures, guitar jazz ciphers. At nowadays the digital system of music teaching is absent in curriculum and is not applied in practice because of teacher’s insufficient professional knowledge in the sphere of child’s neurophysiology . The findings of our scientific investigations have permit us to understand the most delicate mechanisms of child’s mental activity and to detect new creative abilities.Application of the information technologies will help schoolmasters to improve the quality, speed and efficiency of music teaching for beginners. The scientific methods “Digital Music Grammar“ and “ Algorithm of Microcycles “ are dedicated to children on the development their intellectual and creative abilities.

    http://educationinjapan.wordpress.com/2011/02/04/considering-the-benefits-of-digital-music-grammar-in-a-music-educational-program/

    teacher of music Stepanov S.M.

  5. Tim Thomas Says:

    Janice –

    Great compilation of information! May I reference your article (with proper citation, of course)?

    Tim

  6. betsea Says:

    I also saw a documentary re: a family w/ at least 6 children, all autistic, and the significant gains they made in and out of school when the parents made listening to classical music a part of their day.

  7. janice Says:

    Yes -of course Tim. Thank you so much for asking and I’d be thrilled if you can use this article.

  8. Cynthia Bridges Says:

    Great Article! To hear researchers affirm what I see happen in the classroom when music is an integral part of the community. This article is the reason I still teach general and choral music at the elementary level!

    Thanks!

  9. Pat Says:

    Janice, I teach beginning piano to older adults at our Adult School. The class evolved out of our Older Adult Co-ordinator to bring a music class that would help to keep seniors using their brains. She also has a program called “Memory Boosters” where the students learn techniques for helping their brains thru diet, exercise,different types of mind games & puzzles. This came abut because of a program that she has for Alzheimer’s & Dementia people who are cared for by a family member to give that family member two days respite. I am going to share this article with her to pass along to her Memory students as well as sharing it with my piano students. I have one lady who will turn 82 years old this week. I love doing what I am to help other Seniors learn to play the piano .

  10. Kothadnapani Says:

    Great article. I am a violinst and also teach. Can I link this page to my school website? Thanks

  11. janice Says:

    Yes absolutely- you can link to this article from your school website. All that we ask you to do is acknowledge where you got it from on your website.
    Kind Regards,
    Janice

  12. janice Says:

    Thanks for sharing your inspiring story with us Pat : ) Your program sounds amazing!

  13. janice Says:

    Thank you Cynthia

  14. Jennifer Says:

    Hi Janice,
    Thank you for a clear and concise article! I teach music 3 to 93 year-olds and it is amazing what music does for every single individual!I am presenting at a conference and would like to make reference to your article, if you’ll allow me, giving you credit for it of course.
    Thanks again!

  15. janice Says:

    Hi Jennifer,
    I’d be delighted for you to reference this article for your upcoming conference. Thanks so much for asking
    Kind Regards,
    Janice

  16. Music Teaching Quotes | Resources for Music Education – The Fun … | Studio News Says:

    [...] How Does Music Stimulate Left and Right Brain Function and Why is this Important in Music Teaching? | Home | A Fun Cartoon For Music Teachers [...]

  17. Jon Dempster Says:

    I came across research such as this whilst doing my post-graduate study in Music Psychology in Education and have adapted my teaching to incorporate this information. I have also tried to keep colleagues informed so that they too can inform parents and students alike as to the current thinking in music research.
    It’s good to see that people such as yourself are getting the information out to the general public.

    Thanks again.

  18. Janice Says:

    You’re welcome Jon- Thanks for your feedback and kind comments.

  19. Tammie Says:

    I am in charge of our NEW Music Booster Newsletter and I’m wondering if I could use parts of your articles, giving credit to your site/authors, in it?

    Thank you for your consideration!

  20. kevin Says:

    Hi Tammie,

    Sure, you can reprint parts of our articles in your newsletters. Please just include a link to our site

    Kind regards,

    Janice

  21. Bernd Willimek Says:

    Music and Emotions

    The most difficult problem in answering the question of how music creates emotions is likely to be the fact that assignments of musical elements and emotions can never be defined clearly. The solution of this problem is the Theory of Musical Equilibration. It says that music can’t convey any emotion at all, but merely volitional processes, the music listener identifies with. Then in the process of identifying the volitional processes are colored with emotions. The same happens when we watch an exciting film and identify with the volitional processes of our favorite figures. Here, too, just the process of identification generates emotions.

    An example: If you perceive a major chord, you normally identify with the will “Yes, I want to…”. If you perceive a minor chord, you identify normally with the will “I don’t want any more…”. If you play the minor chord softly, you connect the will “I don’t want any more…” with a feeling of sadness. If you play the minor chord loudly, you connect the same will with a feeling of rage. You distinguish in the same way as you would distinguish, if someone would say the words “I don’t want anymore…” the first time softly and the second time loudly.
    Because this detour of emotions via volitional processes was not detected, also all music psychological and neurological experiments, to answer the question of the origin of the emotions in the music, failed.

    But how music can convey volitional processes? These volitional processes have something to do with the phenomena which early music theorists called “lead”, “leading tone” or “striving effects”. If we reverse this musical phenomena in imagination into its opposite (not the sound wants to change – but the listener identifies with a will not to change the sound) we have found the contents of will, the music listener identifies with. In practice, everything becomes a bit more complicated, so that even more sophisticated volitional processes can be represented musically.

    Further information is available via the free download of the e-book “Music and Emotion – Research on the Theory of Musical Equilibration:

    http://www.willimekmusic.de/music-and-emotions.pdf

    or on the online journal EUNOMIOS:

    http://www.eunomios.org

    Enjoy reading

    Bernd Willimek

  22. Paula Manwaring Says:

    This a beautifully written article! I run two piano studios with students of all ages. I just finished a Master Class to our more advanced students this week where I taught the left-right brain concept in regards to music. Could I have your permission to post a link on our studio Facebook page? It would greatly help their understanding of this concept.
    I also give a presentation to teachers nation wide on a beginning group theory course. I would love to quote from your well written article. May I have your permission?
    Thank you for sharing with us!

  23. Betty Bynum Says:

    Thanks for such a concise, easy to read article that reinforces what those of us who are music therapists have known for a long time. Everything you mentioned is “used” extensively in most therapeutic settings–it’s nice to have something to put in peoples’ hands when they question the validity of what we do. The only thing missing in most of the things I’ve read is using music for fun. Music has incredible benefit in so many areas of our lives. Let’s not forget the pure joy that it brings!

  24. Janice Says:

    Paula I would be honoured if you’d like to make reference to this article- thanks so much for your kind words. Yes absolutely- you can link to this article from your studio Facebook page. And with the presentation- all that we ask you to do is acknowledge where you got it from.
    Kind Regards,
    Janice

  25. Deborah Smith Says:

    Dear Janice
    I am writing to you as the editor of the Kodaly newsletter in Victoria Australia. As such I was hoping we may be given permission to reprint this fantastic article in our next newsletter?(Fully credited to you of course with a link to your website.

    For more information about KMEIA (Kodaly Music Education Institute of Australia) please see http://www.kodaly.org.au/

    I look forward to hearing from you if this is a possibility?
    Many thanks
    Deb

  26. kevin Says:

    Hi Deborah,

    Sure, that is no problem – we’d be happy for you to reprint this article, that is no problem at all

  27. patty Says:

    this website was very very very very very very very helpful

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